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Education - Science and HealthTuesday, 03/08/2005, 07:00

The National Center for Education, Science, Technology and Health Care

During the doi moi (renovation) era, from 1990 to the present, HCM City has been proving that it is the hub of high-quality education and training. Human resource training develops in accord with increases in both quantity and quality.
The National Center for Education

The National Center for Education, Science, Technology and Health Care

Learning computer science

During the doi moi (renovation) era, from 1990 to the present, HCM City has been proving that it is the hub of high-quality education and training. Human resource training develops in accord with increases in both quantity and quality. For this, more investment has been allocated for the construction of schools and training centers.

The number of colleges and universities has increased in line with the economic growth. HCM City has 41 universities and colleges and extensions compared with 21 training centers in 1990. It has one-third of the number of universities and colleges in the whole country under the forms of public, people-founded and semi-public institutions with a variety of training fields. All schools have libraries, laboratories, and computers for students and trainees.

The total number of lecturers at universities and colleges in HCM City is 7,062. Popular vocational high school and technician training also receives very close attention. Locally, there are 27 vocational high schools with 62,019 students and 1,330 teachers besides seven technician training centers and 122 vocational training centers concentrating mainly in the urban areas.

Such training fields as culture-society, trade-service-tourism, industrial technologies, agriculture-forestry-fisheries, construction, and transport are available. After each short-term course, some 100,000 to 120,000 students graduate from schools and are ready for jobs. The number of students increases very quickly. In 1976, the number of students per ten thousand residents in HCM City was 99.86% that of the whole country. Since 1995, HCM City has met the standard of eradicating illiteracy and carrying out compulsory elementary education. Of wards and villages, 100% have elementary schools and 80% of them have secondary schools.

Intellectual standards of the people increase day by day. The Ministry of Education and Training rewarded the HCM City Service of Education and Training with an award recognizing the city as the national pioneer in having its young people complete secondary education. HCM City has tried its hardest to complete the educational tasks with impressive figures like 303 out of 303 units meeting set standards and 22 out of 22 districts meeting set standards. The rate of secondary education completion was 98.08%, and 86% of students received secondary education completion certificates at the right age.

In the academic year 2003-2004, HCM City had 666 schools for lower education, and 108 high schools, with 882,738 students and 33,056 teachers. In professional and vocational training, compared with the whole nation, HCM City has 14.7% of total teachers and 11.9% of total students and trainee technicians. For public university and college training, in the academic year of 2003-2004, there were 317,428 students enrolled, and 7,062 lecturers. In recent years, about 1,200-1,300 undergraduates have enrolled for graduate courses.

Therefore, while the number of high school students in HCM City is only at an average level, the number of university and college students and vocational trainees is much larger. The greater number of higher education students proves that HCM City is definitely the center for high-quality education and training. Every year, hundreds of thousands of students in the whole nation come to HCM City to take exams for entrance to its universities and centers of study.

HCM City has 65 institutes and sub-institutes of science and technology, and 36 centers for researching and applying science. Through these, the city is developing a number of services that require a great deal of intellectual power, and it is improving the capability of centers for researching basic and applied science, which plays an important role in improving the competitiveness of Vietnam�s economy. There is a variety of research projects focusing on processing natural resources; discovering new materials, such as catalysts for processing oil and botanical oil, anti-rust technology; producing machine and engine parts; and electronics-informatics-telecommunications applied to automation in many production fields. Those research projects also play an important role in the establishment of hi-tech zones within HCM City and other southern focal economic areas.

HCM City�s technicians and scientists are great in both quantity and quality. They are confident enough to inherit and develop the world�s advanced science and technology. In total, 8,300 scientists are working in all fields at hundreds of laboratories and production centers. HCM City has invested VND240 billion for a project applying information technology into its administrative tasks. Part of the HCM City�s e-government has been successfully built. So far, the city has completed a human resource development program. More attention is given to boosting personnel training, especially for the enterprise management and the �300 masters and doctorates� training program.

With the above achievements and growth in personnel in technological and scientific fields, HCM City has become the hub for training and science and technology � and technology transfer � of the region and the whole country, leading the way in the drive for the modernization of economic activity.

HCM City is also the largest health care center in Vietnam with many well-equipped hospitals and well-trained doctors. The city now has 39 hospitals, 43 local diagnostic centers, and 303 medical stations all over its districts and wards. The number of doctors and physicians for every 10,000 city dwellers was 43.05% and 57.83% of the rates of the whole country in 1980, an annual increase of 9% on average. The number of beds for every 10,000 residents was only 35.71% the national total in 1979 but four years later that number was 80.54%. In 1982, the number of beds in HCM City was only 5.48% compared to the whole nation; but rose to 7.3% in 1999. The city now has 17,652 beds.

In line with the increase in hospitals as well as the number of beds, the quantity and quality of doctors, physicians and nurses also increased. In 1982, HCM City had 8.2% of the number of doctors and dentists of the whole country. Ten years later, in 1991, that rate was 9.7%. In 1999, the city had 3,376 doctors and physicians, 9.8% of the total number of doctors throughout Vietnam. The number of high-level pharmacists in the city was 12.2% in 1982, 12.5% in 1991, and at present HCM City has 775 high-level pharmacists, 14% of the whole country. Similarly, the number of midwives also increased. The rate was 9.3% in 1982, 9.5% in 1991 and in 1999 the city had 1,319 midwives, 9.9% of the whole country.

In 2003, the city had 4,600 doctors and dentists (9.8% of that of the whole country), 1,802 physicians (3.7%), 785 high-level pharmacists (14%), 5,600 nurses (11.8%) and 1,554 midwives (9.5%). 

So, in the past 25 years of construction and development, the city has continued to try its best to modernize the health sector�s infrastructure and technology as well as provide training courses to have the best conditions for serving its citizens in their time of need. The achievements of HCM City�s health care services, especially infertility treatment, umbilical cord blood transplanting and primary cancer treatment, prove that HCM City is the largest health care center of Vietnam.

Tu Du Hospital is the leading center for infertility treatment. With these achievements, Tu Du Hospital has twice received the Labor Hero title. Also in that period, the HCM City Hospital for Blood Transfusion and Hematology was successful in umbilical cord blood transplanting to cure cancer. This technology which is considered the most advanced in the world nowadays was performed for the first time at the hospital by a team led by Professor Tran Van Be, the hospital director. Also with this technology, the hospital has stored about 1,000 umbilical cord blood samples that are to be used for treatment for patients throughout Vietnam. The hospital has also organized international conferences to exchange experience with countries in the Asia Pacific region. Thanks to those achievements, the HCM City Hospital for Blood Transfusion and Hematology has become a member of the Asian Umbilical Cord Blood Association.


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