The Opera House
As a center of culture and sciences in the southern region and Vietnam as a whole, Ho Chi Minh City has training and research activities in the field of culture and arts, which are on a scale second only to Hanoi. At present, the city has seven training schools, one center, and one research institute specializing in all fields of culture and arts. In addition, a series of theaters, research agencies in social sciences and schools with training courses on social sciences and humanities are places with noticeable activities in training and research in culture and arts.
Ho Chi Minh City Fine Arts College
Address: 5 Phan Dang Luu Street, Binh Thanh District, Ho Chi Minh City
Tel: 08- 8- 8412695 � 8412691. Fax: 84- 8- 8412691
Gia Dinh is a place name known for its famous landscape, military exploits and historical heroes. The place name is attached to a center producing generations of talented men of fine arts from the past to present. In the French colonial time, in 1913, Gia Dinh School of Fine Arts and Decoration, later renamed Gia Dinh School of Fine Arts, Decoration and Graphics, was established for training in painting, decoration, and graphics. After 1945, Gia Dinh School of Decoration and Gia Dinh National College of Fine Arts were established on the same campus and have experienced different development periods, especially after 1975.
Being established by merging Gia Dinh National College of Fine Arts and Decoration and Saigon National College of Fine Arts, Ho Chi Minh City Fine Arts College came into existence on December 9, 1981, pursuant to Decree No. 175/CT promulgated by the Council of Ministers of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. In fact, after the Liberation Day � April 30, 1975 � the school has both retained its tradition and set up a modern training model to enable it to develop into a center for the southern region, which, together with other major schools of fine arts in the country, contribute to training those wishing to practice the �plastic� arts.
From 1975 to 1981, the school has employed many training formations in order to satisfy the urgent need of fine arts teachers for high schools, colleges and universities in southern provinces and cities. The two most important stages are basic �plastic� arts and the relationship between arts and life. Training time includes full time (6 years), in-service (5 years) and intermediate level (5 years). In addition, the school offers short-term courses of six months, one year and three years. To improve its training programs and teaching quality and to bring into play its training results, the school opened the Technical Material Workshop in 1975, has held symposiums, organized field trips, and opened the department of graphics.
From 1981 to 1987, despite difficulty in models, material, training equipment and the degraded facilities, the college developed through strengthening political ideology, promoting scientific research activities, perfecting curriculum and teaching plans, assigning textbooks writing and translating to the local scene overseas ideas and methods on teaching, and collecting and supplementing visual aids for training. In addition, the college has cooperated with the Association of Southern Plastic Artists, Hanoi College of Fine Arts, and Hue College of Fine Arts in exchanging experience in training and curriculum building.
From 1987 to the present, the college has renovated its training process and management method, reduced its irregular staff, increased regular teaching staff, offered more part-time training courses, and opened new fields to meet needs in society. The renovation of training process is divided into two phases: general phase (basic knowledge and technique in plastic arts, theory and creation) and creation training phrase (specialties and materials). From the school year 1990 -1991, the college has offered the specialty in Monumental Painting and since 1992 offered applied specialties including movie design, interior and exterior decoration and advertising arts. Students of the Graphic Arts and Applied Fine Arts Department have been offered courses in computer and graphic design.
At present, the college embraces five faculties and one intermediate department, including painting, sculpture, graphic arts, theory and history of fine arts. In 1993, the college began to offer postgraduate programs in theory and history of fine arts and fine arts creation, pursuant to Decision No.
942/QD � SDH issued by the Minister of Education and Training.
Ho Chi Minh City Conservatory
Address: 112 Nguyen Du Street, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
Tel: 08 � 8225841 � 8298646 � 8292362. Fax: 84 � 8242014.
Ho Chi Minh City Conservatory specializes in training in music for southern provinces and cities. Its predecessor was the musical board of Gia Dinh College of Fine Arts. In 1956, it was separated and named Saigon National School of Music. With the addition of stage art, the school bore the new name, Saigon National Music and Drama, with two main training programs: Music (including Western music and national music, or Vietnamese traditional music) and Drama (mainly Vietnamese traditional stage arts).
After Liberation Day (1975), the school was renamed Ho Chi Minh City National School of Music. In 1976, the drama department was separated to establish the Ho Chi Minh City School of Stage Arts II.
In 1978, Ho Chi Minh City School of Music was assigned by the Ministry of Culture to train dancers and had an affiliated dancing annex.
On February 17, 1980, the school was allowed to train at the undergraduate level and officially renamed Ho Chi Minh City Conservatory. Since then, in addition to the intermediate level, the conservatory has trained students at undergraduate and postgraduate levels under the following programs:
- Long-term intermediate level (9 � 11 years) (for students at the age of 7 or above)
- Short-term intermediate level (4 years) for students at the age of 14 to 24)
- Full-time 4-year program
- Full-time 5-year program (one more year for those able to continue their postgraduate program)
- Postgraduate 2-year program
- Postgraduate trainee 1-year program
Its faculties include:
- Theory, Composing, and Conducting
- Symphony musical instruments including stringed instruments (violin, cello,
violonalto, contrabass), wind instruments (flute, clarinet, bassoon, cor, trumpet, trombone and tuba), and percussion instruments.
- Vocal music
- National musical instruments (16 chord zither, monochord, two chord fiddle, bamboo flute, 36 chord zither)
- Guitar, mandolin and accordion.
The conservatory has more than 100 officials and teachers, including famous composers, music researchers, and experienced educators who are trained in Vietnam and overseas such as the former Soviet Union, eastern European countries, England, France, Italy and Germany. Music plays the main role in the teaching curriculum.
The conservatory has a performance unit composed of:
- A symphony orchestra
- An adult chorus orchestra
- A children chorus orchestra
- A national orchestra
- A guitar, mandolin and accordion orchestra
Its two concert halls can hold audiences of 400 to 500 (large hall) and 100 (small hall) with fixed timetable of 2 concerts a week.
Since Liberation Day in 1975, Ho Chi Minh City Conservatory has trained over 2,000 musical students for the city and southern provinces, many of whom have become famous composers and singers. Its students have won many national and international awards, such as:
- Certificate of Compliment at the international music contest named after
J.S. Bach in Leipzig in Germany in 1980
- Two first prizes at the national music contest and the amateur music contest in 1986
- First prize at the national contest of vocal music and chamber music in 1989
- One first prize for violin (adult), two first prizes for violin (children), and two third prizes for violin (adult and children) at the Fall Contest in 1990
- Especially, the first prize for violin of the Demitrop young artist contest in Kateenbua (Russia) with the participation of contestants from nine countries, three prizes for the best performer of
J.S. Bach, at the Asia�s Hope Contest (first prize)
- First prize for violin (adult), second prize for violin (children), third prize for violin (adult), second prize for piano (adult), third prize for piano (children), at the Fall Contest in 1993
With the achievements in teaching, studying and performing, Ho Chi Minh City Conservatory has been awarded honorable prizes by the Government:
- The Labor Order, 3rd class in 1980
- The Labor Order, 2nd class in 1985
- The Labor Order, 1st class in 1990
Ho Chi Minh City Dancing School
Address: 155 Bis Nam Ky Khoi Nghia St., District 3, Ho Chi Minh City
Tel: 08 � 8299353 � 8251029. Fax: 84 � 8- 8299353.
The school used to be an annex of the Saigon National School of Music. In June 1986, it was separated and named Ho Chi Minh City Dancing School under a decision by the Ministry of Culture and Information. Its headquarters are at 77-79 Ly Tu Trong Street, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City.
With its main task of training dancers and choreographers for southern provinces and fostering the ability of teaching dancing for professional dancing schools, clubs, and cultural houses, the school has trained hundreds of dancers of all types for art groups and other units in southern provinces. In addition, the school has taken part in performances and dancing festivals in HCM City and nationwide, winning high prizes. A number of its dancing groups have been chosen to perform abroad. The Government has equipped the school with good facilities and modern equipment.
The school has the following specialties: National dancing group, ballet and style dancing group, music group, and library and costume department. Its training programs include European classical dancing, Vietnamese traditional dancing, foreign style dancing, historical dancing, communicative dancing, circus dancing, light music dancing, fashion show dancing, and child dancing.
Its training levels:
- Intermediate level (3 years): for ages of 10 to 18
- Long-term full time intermediate level (7 years): for ages of 10 to 12
- In-service intermediate level (for ages of 15 to 25): training according to the need of dancing players and choreographers of art groups, cultural houses, and cultural centers of southern provinces and cities
- In-service undergraduate (in association with Hanoi College of Stage and Cinema): training dancing teachers, instructors and choreographers (only for candidates with 2 years� experience and under 40 years old).
Ho Chi Minh City College of Stage and Cinema
Address: 125 Cong Quynh Street, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
Tel: 08- 8364116.
Ho Chi Minh City College of Stage and Cinema was established on April 26, 1995, pursuant to Decision No.
1786/TC-QD by Ministry of Culture and Information by merging the School of Stage Art No.2 and Vietnam School of Cinema in Ho Chi Minh City. Therefore, the achievements and tradition of the college must include the past achievements of these two schools.
The College of Stage Art No. 2 in Ho Chi Minh City was part of the National School of Music and Drama (since 1976). The school used to train two levels with the following training programs:
- Intermediate (4 years): Spoken drama actors, cai luong (renovated theater) actors, hat boi (classical opera) actors and cai luong musicians.
- Undergraduate (5 years): stage directors, stage designers, stage critique and national vocal music.
Through its 20 years of existence, the school has trained many hundreds of students, many of whom have become reputable stage artists.
Similarly, Vietnam School of Cinema in Ho Chi Minh City (established in 1987) used to be a branch of the School of Cinema in Ho Chi Minh City (established in 1977) and later became School of Cinema No.2 in Ho Chi Minh City (in 1986). The school has trained cinema professionals at the intermediate level and offered the following programs: cinema management and film publication, film propaganda and commentary, and film projection techniques. Later, it has offered more programs (at undergraduate level) such as: cinema production and theory, film theory and critique, film directors, film shooting, video shooting and film actors.
Since its establishment, Vietnam School of Cinema in Ho Chi Minh City has trained hundreds of film production workers at the intermediate and undergraduate levels of different specialties. Many graduates have gained good achievements in film production, direction and camera operation. Many popular young actors and actresses have come from the school.
Due to the new demand, the two schools are merged. This merger is an inevitable development in their training work. Ho Chi Minh City College of Stage and Cinema has the following faculties: Cai
luong, direction, art design, film shooting, film theory and critique, acting and basic knowledge.
It also has an experimental center and workshop.
Its training programs include:
- College level: Stage direction, cinema direction, film and video shooting, drama and film actors, cai luong actors, national music players, drama and cinema critique theory, art design, drama and cinema.
- Intermediate level: Drama and cinema actors, cai luong actors and musicians.
Ho Chi Minh City Cultural College
Address: 3A Cu Xa Ngan Hang, Thao Dien Ward, District 2, Ho Chi Minh City
Tel: 08- 8997783 � 8997793 � 8992901. Fax: 84- 8- 8980740
The Ho Chi Minh City Cultural College was established on June 30, 1976, with the name School of Professional Theory No.2 (affiliated with the Ministry of Culture and Information) under Decision
110/VH-QD issued by the Ministry of Culture and Information. On September 19, 1981, it was renamed Ho Chi Minh City Cultural School under Decision
121/VHTT-QD, and on April 26, 1995, was upgraded to Ho Chi Minh City Cultural College, affiliated with the Ministry of Culture and Information pursuant under Decision
123/TTg on March 01, 1995 issued by the Prime Minister and Decision
1787/TC-QD issued by the Minister of Culture and Information.
Its faculties include mass culture, library information, museum management and preservation, general knowledge and publication business.
Its training programs:
- College level: Information � library, culture � tourism, museums and preservation, book publishing-publication business and mass culture.
- Undergraduate level: In accordance with training programs of Hanoi College of Culture (degrees granted by the college)
Ho Chi Minh City College of Culture and Arts
Address: 5 Nam Quoc Cang Street, District 1, Pham Ngu Lao Ward, Ho Chi Minh City
Tel: 8391456 � 8334991 � 9250990 � 9252992 � 8395883. Fax: 84- 8- 8395883
The college was formerly Ho Chi Minh City School of Culture and Information, which was established after Liberation Day (April 1975) and located at Phuoc Binh Village, Thu Duc District, Ho Chi Minh City. Its main task at that time was training experts in culture and information at the elementary level to meet the urgent need of groups in the city. On December 26, 1978, Ho Chi Minh City People�s Committee decided to upgrade the school to Ho Chi Minh City High School of Culture and Arts in order to foster movement managers and leaders with the following training programs: Library, museum and preservation, mass culture, music, painting, and stage. In 1986, to meet development in the new period, the school has moved from Thu Duc District to its present location in District 1. The school has gradually developed its infrastructure and staff. On August 21, 1996, it was upgraded to Ho Chi Minh City College of Culture and Arts under a decision by the Prime Minister.
Its full-time and in-service programs include:
- Music: Instrumental music (piano, guitar, organ, etc), vocal music and music pedagogy
- Fine Arts: Painting, decoration, computer graphic design, fashion design, painting pedagogy and photography.
- Stage: Acting, screen writing, professional stage design (spoken drama, cai
luong, etc.) and mass stage (drama sketch, cai luong short spell, mobile information team, festival stage, etc.)
- Culture and tourism: tour guide training
- Cultural profession: State management and management of local cultural works such as cultural houses and clubs, museum and preservation, mass arts, propaganda information, publication business and cultural services.
- Information � Library: Basic informatics and applied informatics for cultural and art activities, library profession.
In addition, the college has training centers to meet social needs, such as the Music Training Center, Fine Arts Training Center and Informatics Center.
Besides the college level (3 years), the college has training at the following levels:
- Primary level of music (7 years): training, fostering students with good music talent in preparation for college and undergraduate levels.
- Intermediate level (3 years): music and fine arts.
Vocational School of Printing (affiliated with Tran Phu Printing Company)
Address: 35 Tran Quoc Toan Street, Ward 8, District 3, Ho Chi Minh City
Tel: 08-8298328 � 82011739 � 820739
The school was established under Decision 62/VH-QD dated July 18, 1995, by the Ministry of Culture and Information and the approval letter No.
116/DN-KH dated May 23, 1985, by the General Department of Vocational Training. It is located next to Tran Phu Printing Company.
The school specializes in training printing workers at level 3/7 for processing, molding, offset and finished products. Its training goal is to meet the need of the labor demand of printing businesses and the society. The school has run more than 10 courses involving more than 1,000 students, most of whom have become nucleus of skilled workers at printing businesses, and some have become managers at those businesses. At present, the school is the center of training printing workers for Ho Chi Minh City and southern provinces and cities.
Vietnam Sub-Institute of Culture and Arts in Ho Chi Minh City
Address: 02 Tran Qui Khoach Street, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
In August 1976, the Ministry of Culture decided to change the Southern Liberation Music Agency into Vietnam Music Research Institute, located in Ho Chi Minh City, with late composer Luu Huu Phuoc as rector. The institute at that time focused on collecting, researching, preserving and developing the traditional music of all ethnic groups throughout the country, especially, ethnic groups in the South, and monitoring and commenting remarkable music movements in Vietnam and the world.
In August 1989, the Ministry of Culture decided to change Vietnam Music Research Institute in Ho Chi Minh City into Vietnam Sub-Institute of Culture and Arts in Ho Chi Minh City. The new task of the branch at that time was collecting and researching forms of music, dancing and stage arts, and cultural activities of ethnic groups in the South of Vietnam. It also studied cultural subjects in contemporary life.
Officials and experts of the sub-institute have made field trips and carried out investigation in most provinces and cities in the mountainous, border and island areas. They have met more than 20 ethnic groups, including those groups of 300 people such as the Brau and Romam in Kontum Province. As a result, they have taken notes, recorded and collected thousands of valuable songs, tunes, pictures and documents of folk arts and culture of these ethnic groups. Especially, the sub-institute has collected and researched successfully famous sets of stone music instruments in seven localities such as Khanh Son, Bac Ai, Tuy An, Binh
Da, etc. It has also collected and researched a number of stage properties half-century ago of artists Phung Ha and Nam
Chau, voices and sounds of Vietnamese two-chord fiddle of the artist Cao Van Lau, and sounds of musical instruments and singing voices of famous artists .
In addition, the sub-institute has cooperated with offices of culture and information of southern provinces and cities and scientists of archaeology, ethnology, acoustics and geology in many professional activities, and completed a series of research work such as Ma people�s music, musical instruments such as the monochord, the music at the buffalo scarifying festival of ethnic groups in the Central Highlands, folk songs of Kien
Giang, Cuu Long and Dong Thap provinces, gongs of Stieng people in Song Be, and guitar in amateur cai luong music.
Through these collections, field trips to residential areas of different ethnic groups, meetings, conferences, informal talks and festivals, the sub-institute has accumulated more valuable documents and ideas, and discovered more outstanding artists of traditional arts, which help it improve the ability of its officials and develop its contingent of research collaborators. As a result, the sub-institute has published a number of valuable research work and published the internal magazine Music Research to exchange information and experience between the literary and artistic circles and music fans.
In addition to the above work, the sub-institute has also paid much attention to its training, and has offered the first course of traditional music at the undergraduate level. Recently, it has established a club and regularly held seminars on culture and arts. These activities have drawn the attraction and participation of many officials and researchers.
Vietnam Center of Art Research and Film Archives in Ho Chi Minh City
Address: 7 Phan Ke Binh Street, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
Tel: 08-8299874 � 8294213. Fax: 84-8- 222050.
The predecessor of the center was the Southern Center of Film Archives (established in August 1975), which was merged with the Archive Office (of the Cinema Department and the Board of Cinema Theory and History Research) into Vietnam Film Sub-Institute on September 22, 1979. Later, it was renamed Vietnam Center of Film Archives in Ho Chi Minh City and officially had the name Vietnam Center of Art Research and Film Archives in Ho Chi Minh City from April 7, 1992.
The main function of the center is researching arts and cinema history, maintaining archive films and accompanied documents, using archive films for research and production, international cooperation in movies, exchanging experience in film activities, etc.
To carry out the functions mentioned above, especially the research work, the center has successfully held a number of scientific workshops on the quality of film, and Vietnamese film history. It has also researched and applied a number of subjects about film preservation techniques, published research work on film activities, and cooperated in social surveys of Vietnamese film audiences.
The center has built modern infrastructure of international standard regarding film and video preservation, film processing and restoration. In addition, it has organized a Cinema Club with two cinemas of medium size (180 seats) and large-size (600 seats) equipped with modern facilities.