Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content
Link Web
About HCM City > Posts
Education - Science and HealthTuesday, 03/08/2005, 06:55

A review of HCM City’s compulsory elementary education

In 1990, the city’s education and training sector could mobilize only 88.3% of the under-six children to go to school. HCM City’s compulsory elementary education task only halted at 78.1% for the 14-year-olds and 61% for the 11-year-olds.
A review of HCM City


A review of HCM City�s compulsory elementary education

 


Elementary students in a library

In 1990, the city�s education and training sector could mobilize only 88.3% of the under-six children to go to school. HCM City�s compulsory elementary education task only halted at 78.1% for the 14-year-olds and 61% for the 11-year-olds. The number of students who had to repeat class and leave school under various circumstances was still high, though this was mainly in the outskirts. According to the statistics of the Service of Education and Training, in Binh Chanh District, the rate of students who failed was 22.14%, and who left school early was 9.05%; in Cu Chi the figures were 11.4% and 6.6% ; in Can Gio 15.5% and 9.2%; in Nha Be 16.6% and 7.2%. In late 1994, only seven among 18 districts in the whole city completed the compulsory elementary education task. �Stop students from leaving school� was the motto of many educational organizations in many outskirts districts at that time.

By 1995, HCM City was recognized as having reached the national standard of compulsory elementary education with 96.2% of six-year-old children going to school, 86.7% of 14-year-olds completing compulsory elementary education and 66.5% of children finishing elementary at the age regulated by the Ministry of Education and Training. The rate of children leaving school earlier than expected fell accordingly. In 1990, the rate of children repeating class was 8.8% and that of children leaving school early was 4.9%. In 1995, those rates were 3.56% and 1.87% thanks to great contributions of the suburban districts. At some �hot spots�, the rates of children failing and quitting were as follows: Binh Chanh District failing 5.5% and quitting 3.1%, Can Gio 8.8% and 2.1%, Cu Chi 6.6% and 1.6%. Teachers who were soldiers became the familiar image for students at open classes. �Summer Culture Light� has been a program continually encouraging students from HCM City universities to reach the most distant places to fight illiteracy during the summer holiday. Organizations, enterprises and religious groups took part in the cause whole-heartedly.

In the years 1997 and 1998 many districts, especially new districts, did have enough places to gather and teach children. In District 9, the three wards of Truong Thanh, Phuoc Long A, and Tang Nhon Phu B did not have elementary schools, and many other wards did not have any kind of school. In District 12, the wards of An Dong, Thoi An, Hiep Thanh had the same problem. In addition, in some places schools were too old for teachers and students to study without worry. Moreover, in some places the crops gave poor harvests, which caused trouble for those providing compulsory elementary education. The responsible people in Can Gio are worried every year about the �Can Gio-illiteracy period� when most children have to stay away from school to help their parents earn a living.

In late 1998, HCM City had 100% districts with 301 wards recognized as having achieved the standard of compulsory elementary education for 14-year-olds. The number of students who finished elementary education at the age regulated was still low, at 76.7% compared to the target of 80% set by the Ministry of Education and Training. More and more new schools have been built, with three national-standard elementary schools, and the lack of elementary school was not a worry any more. In some suburban regions the number of teachers also exceeded the need. While some difficulties were barely overcome and the joy was not complete, HCM City�s education encountered a new obstacle: many teachers in Nha Be District stopped teaching at the beginning of the 1998-1999 academic year. HCM City itself and other districts had to roll up their sleeves to help Nha Be overcome that difficulty. The districts helped Nha Be District with both materials and skills training. Textbooks, educational equipment and class observations did help Nha Be out.

 HCM City chose 1999 to be �Education Year�. Thanks to that, education in HCM City was developed a great deal. The number of academically weak students went down. Many suburban schools were not interested in the rate of graduate students but high-ranking graduate students. As for compulsory elementary education, HCM City has 100% of wards reaching the standard and 240 among 303 wards and 12 districts reaching the standard for students finishing school at the right age, which make big contributions to the city�s educational cause.

The academic year 1999-2000 was a �Year For Children�, through which HCM City continued to upgrade elementary training quality so that early in the 21st century 80% of 11-year-old children completed elementary education and 90% of wards and villages were recognized as having achieved the national standard of compulsory elementary education.

 In the academic year 2004-2005, HCM City has 535 nursery schools and kindergartens, and 792 elementary and high schools. The number of children in nursery schools is 24,218, in kindergartens 147,808, and elementary and high schools 881,996. 


Views: 1 Print Back
 
Date: