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CommunitiesSaturday, 02/19/2005, 03:12

Community grouping

The city is a place where the majority Kinh people, through a long period of time, have associated with and lived in harmony with many other peoples. Citizens also comprise Chinese, Cham, Khmer peoples, and members of the Tay, Muong, Nung, Thai, Meo, Han, Cao Lan, Sau Diu, Tho, and Man ethnic groups that have long been at home in Vietnam.
Community grouping

Community grouping


Thanks to its strategic position, HCM City is the meeting place of many ethnic groups from the North, Central and South of Vietnam through different periods of time. The city has so many resources that it can provide many opportunities for the migrants from all over Vietnam.

The city is a place where the majority Kinh people, through a long period of time, have associated with and lived in harmony with many other peoples. Citizens also comprise Chinese, Cham, Khmer peoples, and members of the Tay, Muong, Nung, Thai, Meo, Han, Cao Lan, Sau Diu, Tho, and Man ethnic groups that have long been at home in Vietnam. Members of peoples from the Central Highlands are represented, too, especially the Gia Rai, Ede, Bana, Sedang, Stieng, Van Kieu, Churu and others. They live peacefully with the Kinh people and add to the cultural and economic diversity of HCM City.

Of the more than five million city dwellers, minority ethnic groups make up about one million people. People of Chinese heritage make the largest of the minority groups. The city is home to about 50% of all Chinese in Vietnam. About 12% of city residents are of Chinese origin, and District 5 is the Chinese center in HCM City.

During the war for reunification, a large number of soldiers and workers from the U.S., France, Canada, Australia, the Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand and others lived in Saigon. Therefore, many families in what was known as Saigon-Gia Dinh have links to a variety of countries, religions and social groups. In the community of Saigon-Gia Dinh, the Kinh people make the largest group. In the 1960s, the city had 1,423,500 Kinh people, 77% of the 1,800,000 city dwellers.

In 1954, about 33,000 northerners �went South� to settle in the areas of Saigon-Gia Dinh and Cholon. Among them, 75% were Catholics from Bac Ninh, Bui Chu, Phat Diem, Hai Phong, Hanoi, Hung Hoa, Lang Son, Thai Binh, Thanh Hoa, Vinh and other provinces. They concentrated on the outskirts of Saigon like Tan Binh (40% of the population and within 12 wards), Go Vap (10 wards), Phu Nhuan (5 wards), Binh Thanh (every ward).

In 1959, 1960 and especially 1963, when the political situation in the Central of Vietnam was getting more and more severe, many Kinh people moved to HCM City. People from Quang Nam Province moved to the Bay Hien area while people from Binh Dinh and Thua Thien provinces moved to poorer areas of Co Giang, Khanh Hoi, Ban Co and so on.

Kinh people from Tay Ninh, Long An, Dong Nai, An Xuyen (Bac Lieu), Ba Xuyen (Soc Trang), Long Xuyen and others also moved to HCM City as a heaven during the unrest at that time. After the war, very few settlers returned to their home districts.

HCM City is therefore a melting pot of all kinds of peoples. They get along well with each another by following the �Solidarity, Mutual Assistance, and Equality� motto of the Party.

 

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