At a seminar in HCM City earlier this week, Chau said it was not a rosy picture in the property market. Since March 7, 2017, when the Prime Minister requested the projects using State-owned land to be reviewed, the market has faced considerable challenges and difficulties.
In 2017, the real estate market grew 4.07 percent from the previous year but began to decline in 2018.
In the first seven months of 2019, the whole market shrank 34 percent in size, including a 29-percent fall in the project number and a 34-percent decrease in the apartment supply. The supply dropped 44 percent in the high-end segment and 34 percent in the pocket-sized segment. Meanwhile, there weren’t any low-end property projects opened for sale in the second quarter.
Between January and July, the Construction Department of HCM City submitted only three new projects to the municipal People’s Committee for consideration, down over 80 percent. State budget revenue from real estate also nosedived more than 60 percent, he noted.
“Every cloud has its own silver lining, the estate market would have more bright prospect from now to the end of this year, including the implementation of projects in the eastern and southern areas,” he added.
However, he said that authorities should have warnings about difficulties to help policy markers have suitable adjustments to support estate investors.
Experts said that bank capital still flows into real estate, which was not necessarily tightened as a concern.
Earlier, some are concerned about the draft that will replace Circular 36/2014/TT-NHNN, saying it could have adverse impacts on the real estate market. Accordingly, the State Bank of Vietnam would reduce the ratio of short-term capital for medium- and long-term loans. Under the three-phase roadmap lasting until 2022, the maximum ratio of short-term funds used for medium- and long-term loans will be reduced to 30 percent by July 1, 2020.
The draft circular also sets the risk weight ratio for home purchasing loans worth 3 billion VND (129,000 USD) and above at 150 percent and the rate for loans worth 1.5-3 billion VND at 100 percent. [The current ratio for both loans is 50 percent.]
For loans worth less than 1.5 billion VND and loans to buy property in social and Government-supported housing projects, the rate is set at 50 percent.
The revision was expected to tighten credit into property market, especially luxury housing projects.
However, figures from the central bank showed that credit outstanding for the economy in the first half of the year increased by 7.33 percent compared to the end of 2018.
Particularly in the real estate sector, credit outstanding reached nearly 1.4 quadrillion VND (60.2 billion USD), posting 6.5 percent year-on-year increase.
Lawyer Bui Quang Tin said the policies tightening credit into the property market in reality were applied for some projects and investors, not for all. At the end of the year, there would be many bright spots including capital inflows, especially in the real estate market.
Although the total volume of real estate transactions in the first six months of the year decreased by 34 percent the price did not decrease. This difficult phase of the property market was not the same as the previous downward waves. Vietnam had a good macro-base as a development opportunity of the stock market, real estate and growth of all sectors, he added.