Ben Duoc Monument Ben Duoc Mo
Ben Duoc Monument to War Martyrs, a cultural history project of the Party
Committee and people of HCM City was built to memorialize the significant
contributions of the soldiers and people who sacrified their lives in the Saigon
- Gia Dinh region during the anti-American and the anti-French fights.
On December 19th, 1975, the first stage of the Memorial Monument was inaugurated
to welcome many groups of people from inside and outside Vietnam to come to
recall, burn incense and think of an ideal of life which has made the holy
spirit of the country. The City Committee of the Party, the People's Council,
and the Fatherland Font of HCM City have chosen the date of December 19th each
year as the memorial day and the day to be grateful to the heroic revolutionary
martyrs. Construction was started on May 19th, 1993 on the occasion of 103rd
birthday of President Ho Chi Minh, the beloved leader of Vietnamese people. It
is on an area of 7hectares and in the compound of the historical heritages
around the Cuchi Tunnels.
The Ben Duoc Monument includes the following items:
1. Three-door temple gate:
Three-door temple gate has the architecture of the traditional style of the
country with a line of round pillars, with the Yin and Yang tile. The gate
has the curved designs and patterns of a village entrance but made with new
materials. In the middle of three-door temple gate is the signboard: Ben Duoc
Monument and on the body of the pillars are the parallel sentences of the poet
Bao Dinh Giang:
To spread the heart for the whole country,
To bring the current of red blood for protecting the country
Having the mind to know the merit, sweet- smelling incense is burned one stick,
There is always the image in life; the stars are twinkling a thousand years.
2. The inscription house:
The inscription house is a square house with double tile. In the middle is a
stone tablet 3m high, 1.7m wide, and 0.25m thick and weighing 3.07 tons. This
stone tablet is taken from one block of 18 ton stone from Ngu Hanh Son (Da Nang)
and is carved by artisans with all kinds of unique patterns of the country
The writing carved on the stone tablet is titled " Eternally remember the poet
Vien Phuong", which was chosen from a contest of 217 writings of 29 provinces
and cities. The inscription is an immortal powerful writing, expressing the
sky-scraping spirit of our country, and good-hearted mind of our people, the
overwhelming force of our country, a noble attachment of soldiers and people who
are never afraid of hardship or sacrifice in order to make a glorious, splendid
historical page for Vietnam.
3. The main temple:
The architecture has the solemn and serene air of ancient temples of Vietnam.
The worship temple is organized in a U shape: the
center is the alter of country, in the middle is the statue of President Ho Chi
Minh, on the top written: "For the country, forger ourselves. Eternally
remember." On the left and right are two incense-tables to remember our
ancestors, people and unknown soldiers. Along the left wall is the name of dead
soldiers of the Party, and the right wall is the name of dead soldiers of the
The names of dead soldiers are carved into a granite stone tablet with gilded
letters. There are 44,520 revolutionary martyrs' names carved in the temple
including Vietnamese mothers, heroes, and revolutionary martyrs, including 9,322
revolutionary martyrs from other provinces and cities.
There are three monumental pictures made of china outside the main temple wall,
which were made by the University of Fine Arts, expressing the content: People
reclaim waste land to establish the country; To give strength to resist against
the invaders; Oppressed people rise up to fight to achieve victory
Many times every day people come here to look for the names of relatives and
comrades. They are choked with emotion when they see the names, knowing the
place of burial and other details of dead soldiers supplied by the temple
We are moved and proud of the excellent people of the country who have their
names carved in the temple. From now on, their souls will be warmed and relaxed
since each day many groups of people offer flowers and burn incense to
memorialize those sacrificed for the independence and freedom of the country.
The tower symbolizes the rise up the to pinnacle of future fame.
The tower has 9 floors and is 39m high. On the wall of the tower are many
designs to express the life and struggle of the Cu Chi people - �an iron bulwark
land of revolution". On the highest floor of the tower, we can see part of the
revolution base from which some places have entered into the history of the Iron
Triangle (Tam Gain Sat) region.
5. Flower garden:
From a region of full of craters which has been stunted and devastated by war,
now the Temple has a smooth, nice flower garden year-round with many kinds of
precious trees sent as souvenirs by craftsman and organizations. Notably, the
Central, City and Provincial leaders have planted many kinds of precious trees
in the flower garden in front of the Temple.
The flower garden behind the Temple has the symbol of the spirit of the
country. It is made of granite 16m highland weighs 243-tonsThe symbols is in the
center of the flower garden with its face to the Saigon River. It is expressed
by an image of a teardrop; symbolizing the loss and grief of many generations of
Vietnam people who fought to maintain their country. The whole symbol features a
lotus flower caressed by a hand, making the visitors remember the lines of
Tap Moue the most beautiful thing is lotus flower
most beautiful thing is named Uncle Ho
On the body of
symbol there are some carvings of Vietnam historical events from the time of the
country's establishment by King Hung Vuong to independence day April 30th, 1975.
The Basement of the temple has nine spaces on the theme of Saigon Chow Lon
resilient and indomitable, presenting the prominent war events of our people and
soldiers in the Iron Triangle (Tam Gain Sat) region in particular and Vietnam in
general. They were to protest against the unjust wars of the empire and its
henchman. Those events come back to life by some imposing pictures, statues,
sand tables, stage models, and sculptures
Each space presents a different historical period.
In the first space: French invader -, forget to protect our country.
In the second space: General armed uprising of August 1945 in Saigon-Cho Lon-Gia
In the third space: the people and soldiers of Saigon-Cho Lon-Gia Dinh fired the
first gun, starting the resistance against the French invasion and determined to
protect our independence.
In the fifth space: guerilla war of rural people in Cu Chi, an iron bulwark land
In the sixth space: our people and soldiers take to the street, rising up in
arms to attack during the Mau Than New Year.
In the seventh space: People and soldiers of Saigon-Cho Lon-Gia Dinh contribute
to the victory of Ho Chi Minh's campaign in the spring of 1975.
In the eighth space: for the great signification, take his own body to make a
In the ninth space: the southern people went first but returned last, for the
thirst of peace, unification, independence and freedom
The Ben Duoc Monument is made by architects, scientists, historians,
politicians, construction engineers and anonymous people, making it a harmony of
architecture, people, and the community. It precisely captures the national
characteristic of Vietnam while showing its gentle spirit.
The Ben Duoc Monument to War Martyrs not only presents the most beautiful of
fine arts but also reminds everybody of the merit of Communist soldiers, making
us remember forever the magnanimous history of the country, and also remember
the heroic mother , martyrs and so many people who have died for the freedom of
The Ben Duoc Revolutionary Martyr Memorial Monument is forever preserved for our